While Shoah was a media blindspot, contemporary atrocity remains in the shadows. Where are the flotillas of indignation?”

 

Paris, 11 July 2011

 

The Russian University Holocaust Essay Competition was, for the seventh year, feted at UNESCO Paris Headquarters. Over 1,600 submissions from all over the former Soviet Union were judged by its competition coordinator, the Russian Holocaust Centre.

 

The five winners are invited in Paris by the French association Verbe et Lumière - Vigilance (founded by the Simon Wiesenthal Centre - Europe), where they are received at UNESCO.

 

Director-General, Irina Bokova, called this essay contest “an integral part of UNESCO’s efforts for young people in creating new educational material.” She particularly mentioned the importance of Israel in its commitment to Holocaust memory.

 

Russian Ambassador and Chair of the UNESCO Executive Board, Eleanora Mitrofanova, stressed “the Nazi state murder of 2 out of every 3 Jews in Europe and 3 million Soviet POWs... What was unique was the focus on killing Jewish children.”

 

Moscow Parliamentarian and Chair of the Russian Holocaust Centre, Alla Gerber, responded on the challenge of Holocaust memory in the former Soviet Union.

 

Keynote speaker, French Ambassador for Human Rights, François Zimeray, noted the misuse of language at Holocaust commemorations “when the Shoah in not present”: - “When we read of the ghetto of St. Denis and the Auschwitz of Gaza, then the ghetto was not a ghetto and Auschwitz was not Auschwitz...”

 

He called this “a semantic lie, a form of denial. Humanity has never had such means for knowledge, but, while Shoah was a media blindspot, contemporary atrocity is often left unseen in the shadows. There is no world mobilization. Where is the indignation? Where are the flotillas?”

 

Valeurs Actuelles Chief Editor, Michel Gurfinkiel, applied Emil Fackenheim’s imperiture to remember, in an age of disappearing witnesses. He summarized the dilemma as: “How to transmit the untransmittable, while preventing its distortion and misappropriation?”

 

Russian Holocaust Centre Director, Dr. Ilya Altman, introduced the five laureates, adding that the accumulated 35 winning essays since 2004 would soon be published:

 

- Anna Vitkina, of the Moscow Maimonides State Classical Academy, reported on her sociological polls of Russian opinion on Holocaust memory, highlighting figures on ignorance and denial.

 

- Vladimir Karpov, of Novgorod University Law Faculty, has researched the role of Nazi SS women executioners in concentrated and death camps.

 

- Ekatarina Zlochevskaya, of Moscow State University’s Institute for African and Asian Studies, wrote on Jewish Resistance in Lithuanian Ghettos through Diaries and Memoirs.

 

- Anastasia Rogova, of Nizhny Novgorod State University History Department, researched attitudes toward the holocaust in the Churches, principally the Russian Orthodox.

 

- Nikita Dunets, of the Belarus State University of Minks, Department of International Relations, analysed Jewish partisan resistance in Belarus through documents on the Bielski brothers.

 

Mark Richmond, of UNESCO Education Department, commented that “education on the Holocaust was not enough, but it is a point of departure,” emphasizing UNESCO’s commitment to these projects.

 

UNESCO Holocaust pedagogy expert noted that “Holocaust denial is part of normal language, often implicit by insinuation… in the case of school textbooks, denial can also be in saying nothing.”

 

Delegates of Germany, Israel, Russian and the United States participated in the meeting, which was chaired by Simon Wiesenthal Centre Director, Dr. Shimon Samuels, who summarized the proceedings ironically as: “When memory becomes History.” He thanked UNESCO Diplomatic Advisor, Dr. Graciela Samuels, for her coordination of this challenging session and Protocol Officer, Kendal Segre for her guidance. A vote of thanks was given by a Verbe et Lumière - Vigilance trustee, Alexandre Kaplan.

 

2011 1

UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova surrounded by the four Russian
and 1 Belarus essay laureates; Russian Holocaust Centre Chair,
Parliamentarian Alla Gerber, and Director, Ilya Altman;
Russian Ambassador Eleonora Mitrafonova, Delegates of Germany, Israel
and the United States; UNESCO officials Education Chief Mark Richmond,
Holocaust Coordinator Linda King, Diplomatic Advisor Graciela Samuels;
representing Verbe et Lumière-Vigilance Shimon Samuels.

 

2011 2

Keynote Speaker French Ambassador for Human Rights,
François Zimeray, with Mark Richmond and Graciela Samuels.

 

2011 3

Russian Parliamentarian Alla Gerber and Ambassador Mitrofanova.

 

2011 4

The group at the UNESCO Rabin Tolerance Memorial.

Chaque année, les lauréats sont invités à Paris pour présenter leurs travaux. Plus de sept cents candidatures venant de toute l’ex-Union soviétique ont été soumises cette année à l’appréciation du coordinateur de la compétition, le Centre russe de la Shoah (RHC), à Moscou.

Le directeur général de l'Unesco, M. Koïchiro Matsuura, a parlé de la résolution 61 de 2007 comme base de l'Organisation pour la promotion mondiale de l'enseignement de l'Holocauste. Il s’est engagé à ce que l'Unesco continue à apporter son soutien sous les futures administrations.

La séance était co-présidée par le directeur du Centre russe de la Shoah, M. Ilya Altman, et par M. Shimon Samuels, représentant Verbe et Lumière - Vigilance.

La chasseur de criminels de guerre, Mme Beate Klarsfeld, a poursuivi en racontant comment la visite qu’elle fit en 1943, durant son enfance allemande, dans la Pologne occupée par les nazis, avait été formatrice pour la suite de son parcours, insistant sur l’importance de la transmission de tels souvenirs avec le soutien de l’Unesco.

Les étudiantes gagnantes ont présenté un résumé de leurs travaux :

Yekaterina Zamarina, une étudiante aveugle de l'université de Sillamae en Estonie, Institut d'économie et de gestion, sur "L'histoire de l'Holocauste en Estonie"
Anna Mitrushina, de l'université Herzen à Saint-Petersbourg, faculté des Sciences sociales, sur "L'enseignement de l'Holocauste dans les lycées russes"
Alena Samsonova, de l'université du Gaz et du Pétrole Gubkin, faculté d'Ingénierie mécanique, sur "La négation de l' Holocauste en Russie"
Bella Khayzens, de l'Université linguistique de Nijni-Novgorod, sur "Sémiotiques de l'Holocauste dans le conflit israélo-palestinien".

Tania Klarsfeld, Eliane Corrin et Alexandre Kaplan, représentants la deuxième génération, ont ajouté leurs propres témoignages, suivis par Simon Kaplan, survivant du ghetto de Kovno.

M. Qian Tang, sous-directeur général adjoint pour l'Education de l'Unesco, a proposé une version internationale de ce concours russe à travers les Ecoles associées de l’Unesco, réseau mondial de huit mille établissements scolaires, ce qui souligne l'engagement continu de l'Unité éducative sur l'Holocauste dans son secteur.

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